The history of Michael Gallinger of Germany / Mohawk Valley, USA / Eastern Ontario, Canada is an interesting one. You are welcome to print this out and share with friends and family. Please understand that this is an ongoing study and may contain errors --and correction or addition by anyone at anytime is cheerfully accepted.
and Other Historical Events
Arlene Frolick and Harry McLeod
Notes: The following time-line will record the birth and death dates of the children of Michael Gallinger, Sr. and Agatha Ade but not the next generation, in other words, not the grandchildren of Michael Sr.and Agatha.
Ca 1702 Michael Gallinger, herdsman of the cows, and Agnes(surname unknown) married in Hopfau, in the realm of Baron Goll, Alpirsbach district (now in Baden-WŸrttemberg) Germany. (1)
1703 Christian Gallinger born in 1703, Hopfau, Germany, son of Michael and Agnes Gallinger. (1)
1705 Johann Georg/Hans Jerg Gallinger born 11Mar 1705, Hopfau, Germany, son of Michael and Agnes Gallinger. (1)
1725 Hans Jerg Gallinger and Anna Barbara KŸbler married 9 Nov 1725, Hopfau, Germany. (1)
1726 Johann Michael Gallinger born 10 Jan 1726, Hopfau Germany, son of Hans Jerg and Anna Gallinger. (1)
1726 Michael Gallinger died 25 Jan 1726, buried 27 Jan 1726,Hopfau, Germany. (1)
1727 Agatha Ade born 20 Sep 1727,DŸrrenmettstetten, Germany daughter of Christian and Maria Catharina Ade. (1)
1727-60 King George II, House of Brunswick, Hanover line, is monarch of Great Britain. (2)
1733 Organization of Trinity Lutheran Church of Stone Arabia, Province of New York. (3)
1738 In the Americas, William Johnson arrived at the village of Schenectady, in the Mohawk Valley, Province of New York, to manage the 14,000 acres his uncle had purchased. Within a year Johnson had leased 23 farms on his uncle’s estate, and had established a good relationship with his Iroquois and German Palatine neighbors in the Mohawk Valley. He would become the largest single landowner and the most influential individual in the settlement and development of the Mohawk Valley. (4)
1739 William Johnson built Mount Johnson (near present-day Amsterdam NY). (5)
1749 A stone house, now known as Fort Johnson, was built on the north side of the Mohawk River about five miles east of Fonda and three miles west of Amsterdam. William Johnson and family moved to this house, which served as the seat of his estate. [It is now a National Historic Site, Amsterdam Twp
(Montgomery) NY.] (5)
1751 Johann Michael Gallinger and Agatha Ade married 2 Nov 1751 in either Hopfau or Neunthausen, Germany. (1)
1752 Barbara Gallinger born 29 Dec 1752,Hopfau, Germany, daughter of Johann Michael and Agatha Gallinger. (1)
1753 Barbara Gallinger age 2 months, 18 days, died 16 Mar 1753, Hopfau, Germany. (1)
1754 Michael and Agatha (Ade) Gallinger emigrate toAmerica and settle near the Mohawk River in the Mohawk Valley, Province of New York.
ca 1754 Michael Gallinger Jr. son of Michael and Agatha (Ade) Gallinger, born in Europe? on the ship? in New York? Birth and baptismal records have not been located.
1755-63 Seven Years War raged up and down the river valleys inUpper New York, including the Mohawk Valley. Tenants of Sir William Johnson were required to belong to the militia. It is likely that Michael Gallinger Sr. belonged to Sir Williams militia. He was known to Sir William Johnson by at least Feb 1762 as there are records to show Michael Sr.'s name was submitted for inclusion into Land Patents owned by Sir William Johnson. It is likely Michael Sr. was known to Johnson long before 1762.
1756 Christian/Christopher Gallinger born 3 Oct 1756 and baptized at Trinity Lutheran Church, Stone Arabia, Palatine Twp(Montgomery) Province of New York, son of Michael and Agatha (Ade) Gallinger. (3)
1758 Organization of Caughnawaga Reformed Church at Fonda, Province of New York. (3)
1759 Maria Catrina Gallinger baptized 25 Feb 1759, TrinityChurch Parish, New York City (New York) Province of New York, daughter of Michael and Agatha (Ade) Gallinger. (3)
1759 Michael Gallinger Sr. granted naturalization on 3 Jul1759, New York City (New York) Province of New York. (6,7)
1761 Henrich/Henry Gallinger born 4 Sep 1761 and baptized 15Nov 1761 at the Reformed Dutch Church of Stone Arabia Palatine Twp(Montgomery) Province of New York, son of Michael and Agatha(Ade) Gallinger. (3) [In 1766 Montgomery county was officially named Albany, it became Tryon in 1772 and in 1784 it received its current name of Montgomery.]
1762 Anna Barbara Gallinger wife of Johann Georg/Hans Jerg age58 years, 9 months, 3 days, died 11 Feb 1762, Germany. (1)
1762 Michael Gallinger Sr.Õs name submitted with 39 othernames 14 Feb 1762 to Goldsbrow Banyar, Undersecretary of the Province ofNew York, for inclusion into an unnamed Land Patent. (8)
It was common practice to submit a request to the Crown for a LandPatent with the major petitioner using the names of trusted friendsor employees to be shown as participants. One name for each 1,000 acreswas typical because that was the legal maximum an individual couldrequest. The major petitioner would eventually take ownership of thetotal tract/patent granted. For example 24 people would petition for a24,000 acre tract. When granted, 23 of the petitioners would soon signover their ownership to one person.
1762 Johann Georg/Hans Jerg Gallinger died, age 57 years 1month 1 week 4 days on 22 Apr 1762, supposedly in Neunthausen,Germany, buried 24 Apr 1762, Neunthausen, Germany. (1)
1763 Johnson Hall, built by Sir William Johnson, became the siteof regular conferences involving Indians of the Iroquois Confederacyand it became the nucleus of a working estate designed to encouragesettlement. Johnson Hall is now a State Historic Site located in Johnstown, Johnstown Twp (Fulton) in the historic Mohawk ValleyNY. (4)
1764 Michael Gallinger Sr. rented 100 acres of land known as Lot 85E, Kingsborough Patent (see 1769 below) where it is most likely the family lived until they moved to Canada.
1764 George Gallinger born ca 1764 Province of New York, son of Michael and Agatha (Ade) Gallinger. Baptismal record has not been located.
1765 Sir William Johnson laid out and built the town of Johnstown,a mile from his house. (4)
1766 Michael Gallinger Sr.s name appears on the Mohawk Valley tax list in January 1766. (9)
1767 Dorothea Gallinger born 9 Dec 1767 and baptized 28 Dec1767 at The Reformed Dutch Church of Stone Arabia, Palatine Twp(Montgomery) Province of New York, daughter of Michael and Agatha(Ade) Gallinger. (3)
1769 Michael Gallinger Sr. began paying rent on 25 March 1769on Lot 85E, Kingsborough Patent, located 4 miles north of the Mohawk River just east of Johnstown. (10)
There is evidence that tenants at Kingsborough did not pay rent for the first five years of tenancy while the land was being cleared. This being the case, Michael was probably on the land in 1764 and remained there until the family moved to Canada in 1781.
Michael Gallinger Sr.Õs name is included on a Draft of Grant to Sir William Johnson & his Associates on the Mohawk River by Order in Council dated 3 May 1769. (8)
1769 Sir William Johnson opened free schools at Fort Hunter (30pupils) and Johnstown (45 pupils). Henry Gallinger is attendingthe Free School at Johnstown. (11)
1770 Michael Gallinger Sr.Õs name is submitted along withother names by Sir William Johnson to Goldsbrow Banyar, 8 Mar 1770 forÒNames to be inserted in the Patent for my Half of the Lands along the Adegeghteinge &ca. also for the 1,000 acres at ÒAdigoÓ [Adigo isOtego Creek.] (8)
1770 Michael Gallinger Sr.Õs name is submitted along with79 others on 27 Apr 1770 for insertion into a Patent for the Northern Tract of 80,000 acres in the rear of Kingsborough, alias Stuarts purchase.(8)
Entries in Sir William Johnson Papers:
On 28 Sep 1770:
To Cash Ñ gave Michl. Gallengar[sic] £ .8.
1 paper pins to Betsy ........... .1.
Michael Gallinger was paid a total of 9 shillings.
[Who is Betsy? Could she be a daughter of Michael Gallinger Sr.and Agatha? There is evidence of an Elizabeth Gallinger in the areain 1785 and perhaps later although nothing further has been researched onher.]
On 22 Mar 1771:
To Michael Gallinger for Riding Post 47 Times at 16s.pr. ..... £ 37.12s.
1770 Michael Gallinger Sr.Õs name is submitted along with25 others on 8 May 1770 for inclusion into the Charlotte River Patent,a tract 20 miles long and 1 mile wide on both sides of the Charlotte River.(8)
1773 Boston Tea Party. On 16 Dec 1773, a band of American colonists disguised as Indians raided three British ships in Boston harbor and threw contents of 340 chests of tea overboard. The colonists were determined not to pay what they considered unfair taxes to the British government. (2)
1774 Sir William Johnson age 59, died 11 Jul 1774 at Johnson Hall.(4)
1774 First Continental Congress was a delegation from the American colonies who met 5 Sep 1774 to defend American rights. It denounced many laws passed by parliament since 1763, and agreed not to import any goods from Britain or Ireland after Dec 1774 and not to export to the British Isles after Sep 1775. The movement for full independence from Britain had begun to develop. (2)
1775 Paul Revere, who had taken part in the Boston teaparty, took up the movement for independence. He rode from Boston to Lexington at midnight 18-19 April 1775 to rouse the Minutemen (a group of militiamen ready to act at a moment's notice) to the defense of Boston. (2)
1775 American Revolutionary War began 19 Apr 1775 - an uprising against English rule in the Thirteen Colonies. (2)
1775 17 Jun 1775, the British drove colonists from Breed's Hill in the Battle of Bunker Hill. (2)
1775 The colonists hoped to prevent the British from using Canadian bases. In the fall of 1775, two American expeditions, led by Benedict Arnold and Brig.Gen. Montgomery marched northward to Canada. In November, Montgomery occupied Montreal, and swept down the St. Lawrence River towards Quebec City. Guy Carleton took command of the British army in Canada, and defeated the American army which was attacking the city of Quebec. (2)
1775 The first organized revolutionary movement to develop in the Mohawk Valley was in May 1775. Sir John Johnson and sons-in-law of Sir William Johnson were known in Albany as the family as shown in this quote from 'King's Royal Regiments of New York': this country has for a series of years been ruled by one family, the several branches of which are still strenuous in dissuading the people from coming into Congressional measures, and have even last week, at a numerous meeting of the Mohawk district, appeared with all their dependents armed, to oppose the people considering of their grievances; their number being so great, and the people unarmed, they struck terror into most of us and they dispersed (13)
1776 In Jan 1776, Sir John Johnson was forced to stand down a correspondence ensued between himself and General Schuyler, which resulted in his giving his parole of honor not to take up arms against America, and agreeing not to go westward of German Flatts and Kingsland. (14)
The rebels harassed others to join their cause and Sir John Johnsons tenants were probably harassed to declare themselves for the rebel cause. Prior to Apr 1775, Michael Gallinger Sr. was imprisoned for 6 months and Michael Gallinger Jr. was imprisoned for 1 month, 10 days. When Michael Jr., got out of prison, he and his brother Christian Gallinger enlisted with Sir John and fled to Canada. (12)
Much has been written about Sir John Johnson's flight to Canada with about 170 of his tenants and neighbors from Johnstown in the Mohawk Valley, NY, to Montreal. Their party, led by three Indian guides, survived the miseries of a 200Ðmile journey, taking 19 days through the wilds of the Adirondack region without proper food and exposed tothe vagaries of the northern spring weather. A map exists of their trail,even showing where they abandoned two cannons in Jun 1776 that were recovered in Sep 1937.
1776 Michael Gallinger Jr. age 22, enlisted KRRNY (KingÕsRoyal Regiment of New York) - 1st Battalion on 19 Jun 1776. (13)
Christian Gallinger age 20, enlisted KRRNY - 1st Battalion on19 Jun 1776. (13)
This date of 19 June 1776 is the very beginning of the King’s Royal Regiment of New York. On this date Sir John was given permission by Sir Guy Carleton in Montreal, to form the 1st Battalion. This means Michael Gallinger Jr. and Christian Gallinger were part of the 200-250 (numbers vary and soldiers, mostly Indians, were picked up along the way) on this trek to Montreal. Sir John’s followers were quickly increased to 500 with Canadian volunteers and Indians with whom he crossed the river to the island of Montreal.
1776 Declaration of Independence was approved on 4 Jul 1776 by Second Continental Congress. (2)
1777 Michael Gallinger Jr. and Christian Gallinger were likely involved in the St. Leger expedition to Fort Stanwix in August 1777, and they may have been in the bloody Battle at Oriskany, in the same year. They would have seen extensive service and much action throughout the war.
1778 13 Jun 1778 Petition by DalyÕs Company, KRRNY to Hon. Guy Carleton of Quebec stating that the signers had joined the Regiment as volunteers and had at divers times been pressed and affronted by the Regimental Orders of the Afore Said regt.Ó that the signers think themselves Improper persons to Garrison this province [Quebec]Ó and request that they be forwarded to the City of New York where they could be applied to better purpose as volunteers in Reducing his majesty’s Rebellious Subjects and in Recovering their Distressed families and Defending the province [New York] to which the[y] properly belong. Signed by 30 men including: Quinn, McCune, Cryerman, Castleman, Jacock,Cline, Empty[sic], Carr, Waggoners, Davis, Michael Gallinger and Christopher Collinger.
1779 Henry Gallinger age 18, enlisted KRRNY - 1st Battalion,on 16 May 1779. (14) He was likely recruited during a scoutingand recruitment drive in the Mohawk Valley in March 1779. This puts Henryin the 1st Battalion along with Michael Jr., and Christian.Henry would have been involved, likely with his brothers, in several skirmishes in the Lake Champlain, Schoharie Valley areas and around Stone Arabia in the 1780s.
1780 Maria Catrina Gallinger married Peter Eamer 19 Jan 1780,Fonda (Montgomery) NY. (3)
ca 1780 Henry Gallinger married Dorothy Eamer.
1781 First reference to Michael Gallinger Sr. moving to Canada appears in a sworn deposition in Montreal on 14 Feb 1788,swearing that he came to Canada in 1781 and now resides at New Johnstown[now Cornwall ON.] (15)
1781 Court of Tryon and Montgomery County - 14 June 1781, Bill of Indictment filed against more than 100 men and women, including Michael Jr. and Christian Gallinger, for adhering to the enemies of the State of New York. It would appear that if these people showed their faces in Tryon and Montgomery Counties, they would land in jail. Perhaps some did. Michael Jr. and Christian likely weren’t present for the indictment and served no time because they were in the KRRNY and not available to the courts of the Province of New York.(16)
1782 George Gallinger age 18, enlisted KRRNY - 2nd Battalionon 8 Jul 1782. (13) In July 1782 the 2nd Battalion waspreparing to rebuild the post at Oswego and it may be that George enlisted at Oswego. It is also possible that he joined a detachment, which was on a campaign with Joseph Brant against the upper settlement on the Mohawk at Fort Dayton and Fort Herkimer. George may have joined the 1st Battalion to be with his brothers only to be transferred to the 2nd once his father enlisted.
At this time (1782), the 1st Battalion was then working out of theMontreal area on the St. Lawrence supply route. Remembering that Michael Jr. and Christian were on the trek to Canada in 1776, does this mean Michael Jr. and Christian were then in the Montreal area, went up and down to the Mohawk area, being sent with their troop to different skirmishes? Did the four brothers ever meet up with each other? George was not likely to have seen any action but hemay have been involved in the expedition to Oswego and was likely to have been involved in the subsequent building of the military post at Cataraqui (Kingston) ON.
1783 Michael Gallinger Sr. age 57, enlisted KRRNY - 2ndBattalion on 28 Mar 1783. (13) Place of enlistment is unknown and his most significant service would likely have been the building of the military post and settlement at Cataraqui which began at the end of July 1783.
1783 Treaty of Paris signed 19 Apr 1783 ends American Revolutionary War. (2)
1783 Late fall of 1783, families of men of Kings Royal Regiment who remained in the Mohawk Valley were ferried to Isle aux Noix, at the head of Lake Champlain, where they rejoined their husbands.(17) Most of the men and their families wintered at Isle aux Noix; the rest spent the winter in various camps at Fort St. Johns, Fort Chambly and around Montreal. (18)
1783 The KingÕs Royal Regiment was disbanded 24 Dec 1783.(18)
1784 Christian/Christopher Gallinger married 1) Sarah( Runnions) Fykes 4 Jan 1784, Montreal QC.
1784 Patrick McNiff was given instruction to proceed with the survey of the eight numbered townships (in Glengarry, Stormont and Dundas counties) on 1 Mar 1784. (18)
1784 All disbanded men of the KingÕs Royal Regiment and their families destined for the eight numbered townships were ordered together at Lachine no later than 2 Apr 1784 to await transport up the St.Lawrence River. (19)
1784 In June, Loyalists of the Kings Royal Regiment were ferried up the St. Lawrence by bateaux and landed at the site of[present day] Cornwall - ready to start their new lives. (18)
1784 Provisioning and Victualling Lists for Township 2 (Cornwall)(20)
Michael Sr., wife, boy over 10, girl over 10 = 4 rations per day
Michael Jr. = 1 ration per day
Christian, wife, boy over 10, girl under 10 [Sarah’s children by marriage to Henry Fykes]
= 3 1/2 rations per day
Henrich, wife, girl under 10 = 2 1/2 rations per day
George = 1 ration per day
1785 Michael Gallinger Jr. married 1) Catherine Crydermanlikely in Cornwall area (Stormont) ON
1785 Elisabeth Gollinger married 1) James Thompson on 20 Jan1785 Fonda, NY (3)
1786 Dorothea Gallinger married 1) Solomon Tuttle ca 1786
1786 Provisioning and Victualling Lists for Township 2 (Cornwall)(20)
Michael Sr., wife, boy over 10 = 3 rations per day
Michael Jr., wife, girl under 10 = 2 1/2 rations per day
Christian, wife, 1 boy under 10, 2 girls under 10 = 4rations per day
Henrich, wife, 2 girls under 10 = 3 rations per day
George = 1 ration per day
1786 After settling on their Crown grant of land in Upper Canada,the Gallingers appear on McNiff's Map of 1 Nov 1786 which shows:
Michael Sr. on Plot No. 15, Concession 1
Henry on Lot 8 and Christian on Lot 10, Concession 2
Michael Jr. and George on Lot 11, Concession 4
all in Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON (21)
1788 Michael Gallinger Sr., New Claim #267 in Montreal, Upper Canada with a Determination date of 22 Feb 1788 lists the property he lost. He estimated the value of his real and personal estate as of April1775, which he lost during the Revolution, to be £292.7.6., but was awarded only £60. (15)
1788 Elisabeth Collicher[sic], married 2) Edward Duffen on 28Sep 1788, Fonda (Montgomery) NY. (3)
1788 George Gallinger married Margaret Warner on 20 Oct 1788,Upper Canada.
1789-97 George Washington is the first President of the United States of America. (2)
1791 The Constitutional Act of 1791 divided the old province of Quebec in Canada into two self-governing parts. British settlers occupied Upper Canada, the region along the Great Lakes and the upper St. Lawrence River (now Ontario). The former French settlements(now Quebec) to the northeast were called Lower Canada. Colonies in the rest of Canada were administered separately.(2)
1797 Michael Gallinger Sr. died before 23 Oct 1797, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
ca 1804 Solomon Tuttle, husband of Dorothea Gallinger ageabout 46 years, died 1804, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1805 Dorothea Gallinger married 2) Solomon Noble, Cornwall Twp(Stormont) ON.
ca 1807 Catherine (Cryderman) Gallinger, wife of Michael Gallinger Jr. age about 46 years, died at Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1809 Michael Gallinger Jr. married 2) Rosette Laforce on 21Mar 1809, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1812-15 War of 1812 declared on 18 Jun 1812 by US President Madison against Great Britain. British forces in Canada repulse several American invasions, but fail in invasion of US. (2)
1815 Sarah (Runnions Fykes) Gallinger, wife of Christian Gallinger, age about 58 years, died. She was buried 18 Jun 1815, CornwallTwp (Stormont) ON.
1827 Michael Gallinger Jr. age 73 years, died 3 May 1827,Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1830 Peter Eamer, husband of Maria Catrina Gallinger, age about 73 years, died ca 1830, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1831 Dorothea (Eamer) Gallinger, wife of Henry Gallinger, age about 51 years, died 30 Jun 1831, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1833 George Gallinger age about 69 years, died 13 Jan 1833,Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1834 Solomon Noble, husband of Dorothea Gallinger, age about72 years, died ca 1834, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1835 Henry Gallinger age 74 years 12 days, died 16 Sep 1835,Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1837 Christian Gallinger age 81 years 11 days, died 14 Oct1837, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1839 Maria Catrina (Gallinger) Eamer, wife of Peter Eamer, age80 years 8 mos, died 27 Oct 1839, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
1853 Margaret (Warner) Gallinger, wife of George Gallinger, age about 86 years, died 7 Mar 1853, Cornwall Twp (Stormont) ON.
ca1853 Dorothea (Gallinger) Noble, wife of Solomon Noble, age about 87 years, died ca 1853 (St. Lawrence) NY.
1854 Ruth (Ketchum Gould) Gallinger, wife of Christian Gallinger, age about 89 years, died 24 Sep 1854, Cornwall Twp(Stormont) O
In their infinite wisdom, the government of the day, conferred the UEL honour on both sons AND daughters - a very modern concept! Each Loyalist child - sons and daughters - at age 21, were entitled to a land grant of
200 acres. The original petition documents still exist and are on microfilm at the National Archives in Ottawa. If such a project interests you, it may be possible to trace your tree in such detail as to make you a qualified
member of the United Empire Loyalist's Association (UEL). Both Americans and Canadians can be UEL because, of course, some families have moved south
since the original Loyalists took up roots in Canada. United Empire Loyalists are equivalent to American Daughers of the American Revolution (DAR and SAR) except the two groups stood on opposites side of the line
drawn. Canadian UEL members make a pledge to the Queen however American UEL members are NOT required to do this.
Written by Lily Worrall
Revised Sep, 2000.
The first six Generations
Gallinger s in North America
Here is a List of Gallinger Wills in our Message archive thanks to Lily:
Gallinger Genealogy Mail group if you'd like to be on it
Click Here To Email Lily Worral
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Last update on 8:47 PM on 3/26/97